Mandalay is the last Kingdom of Myanmar dynasty before the British took over. For this reasons, it still has great importance as Myanmar’s cultural heart-center. It is the second largest city in Myanmar, lies in the heartland of our country and is about 690 km north of Yangon on the Ayeyarwaddy River. In Mandalay, there are many other places worth seeing such as palace, monasteries and cultural heritages. Mandalay is known nationally for its rich traditional cultural and spiritual splendor but also exquisite handicraft such as hand-woven embroidery in silk and cotton, the incredible process of making gold leaves wood and stone carving and bronze casting etc.
Capital – Mandalay
Languages Major – Myanmar
Industries – Agriculture
Car, Train, Air, International Air-port
Mandalay royal palace
U Bein Bridge
Archeological & Culture – Pagodas, Monasteries, “Spirit” Worship Culture, 11th century architecture technique, Museum, Mural Painting
Trekking Sites – Mandalay hill, Yankin Taung
Art & Craft – Lacquer ware, Wood curving, Stone curving, and Ivory Curving, Gold leaves production, Bamboo paper making, and Silver smith, and Gold smith, Glass mosaic.
Special Activities – Golfing in Standard golf club, National Kandaw Gyi Garden
Mandalay Hill 959 feet (236 meters) in height, standing to the north east of the royal palace, commands a magnificent bird’s eye view of Mandalay and surrounding countryside is a hollowed complex indeed as it is covered with Pagoda. A motorway up the hill has been recently constructed and trees have been planted all over the hill and part of the greening of the city. One magnificent view of the visit to the hill is and unforgettable “Landscape of on Eastern City” seen from above especially at sunset.
Mandalay Royal Palace
The royal palace was constructed in 1857 in Myanmar traditional architectural style. The royal palace named “Myanan Sankyaw Shwe Nandaw”. The whole palace complex was destroyed by fire during the War. The palace has 12 gates, three on each side, at equal distance from each other and surmounted by tiered roofs. The palace walls, the four gates and the moat still are stood today as evidence of the majestic palace city. A number of palace buildings have been reconstructed within the premises.
King Bodawpaya built this Pagoda in 1784 to house the Mahamuni Buddha Image brought from Rakhine State. Situated to the south of the Royal Palace is the 4.5 m high seated Buddha image cast in bronze and brought from Mrauk-U to Amarapura. Being the most revered pagoda in Mandalay, the early morning ritual of washing the face of the Buddha’s image, drawing crowd of devotees.
U Bein Bridge
Constructed in 1849 from old planks and timber posts of dismantled houses in Sagaing and Inwa. Crossing the Taung-Tha-Man Inn (Lake) is one of the main attractions for visitors. It is the longest teak bridge in the world, although a bit rickety in some parts, it has withstood the storms and floods for two centuries. The bridge is named after its donator Governor U Bein who was a clerk to the Mayor of Amarapura.
Bagan is one of the richest archeological sites in Asia. This first capital of Myanmar Empire is situated on the eastern bank of the Ayeyarwaddy Rriver, ancient city located in Mandalay region, about 193 km south of Mandalay. Bagan is the source of the Myanmar history, testimonial richness and cultural heritage of Myanmar. The whole space is thickly studded with pagodas of all sizes and shapes. Bagan covers an area of 42 sqkm containing over 2000 well-preserved Pagodas and temples of the 11th – 13th century. A visit to Myanmar would not be completed without seeing this enchanting city “Bagan”. There are many ancient pagodas and temples in Bagan. Among these pagodas, the most famous pagodas, which have the special features.
Languages major- Myanmar
Industries- Agriculture, Hotel zone
Air, Car, Train, Boat
Archeological & Culture – Pagodas, Monasteries, “Spirit” Worship Culture, 11th century architecture Technique, Museum, Mural Painting
Art & Craft – Lacquer Ware (a kind of Lacquer Ware in plain design)
Special Activities – How to make jiggery, sightseeing by balloon over
The Ananda temple built after the Shwezigon pagoda in 1090 is the masterpiece of the early style temple architecture. Probably, the finest largest and best preserved of all the Bagan temples. There are four huge Buddha images in the standing position and the base and terraces are decorated with a great number of glazed tiles showing scenes from the earlier livers of Buddha.
The Thatbyinnyu temple with a white stucco building is the Bagan’s highest pagoda, over 66m high. It was built by King Alongsithu in mid-12th century. The view from its terraces is spectacular both at dawn and dusk. The temple was originally built not only as a temple but also as a kind of a monastery, a place for monks and nuns. The walls consisted of ancient paintings but the temple was painted with white paste and all the paintings were ruined. Now, only a small part of the paintings can be seen.
It was built by King Anawrahta and completed by King Kyansittha in 1084. Shwezigon Pagoda is the prototype for later Myanmar pagodas. There are green glazed plaques depicting scenes from the Jakata. The pagoda festival is held from late October to early November. “Nat” spirit images can be found within its precincts.
Known as the “Oasis of dry zone”, Popa is a steep side volcanic peak dedicated to the legendary “Nat” spirits of Myanmar. Popa is a great extinct volcano last active 250,000 years ago, is a forest clad landmark rising to 1,520 meters from the flat, surrounding Myaingan Plains. Mt.Popa is famous for its wealth of medical plants and rare orchids, home for over 90 different species of birds. Apart from the Mountain itself, there is a tower like volcanic plug called as Taung Kalat. Shrines along the staircase with about 777 steps to the top of the mountain are dedicated to these nats. The famous Popa Nat Festival is held during the month of Nayon (June- July), following the lunar calendar.