Highlights of Myanmar
Yangon is the city is the gateway of Myanmar. The city is Evergreen and cool with lush tropical trees, shady parks and beautiful lakes. The name of “the Garden city of the East” was founded by King Alaungpaya. He called Dagon when he conquered lower Myanmar in 1755. Afterwards, the town went by the name of Yangon for nearly a century. Yangon means “End of Strife” which was named Rangoon after the British and annexed Myanmar in 1885. The new city was modeled and constructed by Lieutenant Fraser, a British Officer of the Engineering Crops who also designed and constructed Singapore. The city was laid out a chess-board pattern with wide roads running North to South and East to West. It is about 350sq.km and has a population over five million. Places of interest in Yangon areas are as follows; Former Capital of Myanmar and famous for its Grand Shwedagon Pagoda. But visitors who are interesting in wild life excursion studying to making handy Crafts, and exploring to Myanmar’s colorful tribes are also available in Yangon. Yangon is the good site not only for culture and archeological sightseeing but also for non-archeological sightseeing
Mandalay is the last Kingdom of Myanmar dynasty before the British took over. For this reasons, it still has great importance as Myanmar’s cultural heart-center. It is the second largest city in Myanmar, lies in the heartland of our country and is about 690 km north of Yangon on the Ayeyarwaddy River. In Mandalay, there are many other places worth seeing such as palace, monasteries and cultural heritages. Mandalay is known nationally for its rich traditional cultural and spiritual splendor but also exquisite handicraft such as hand-woven embroidery in silk and cotton, the incredible process of making gold leaves wood and stone carving and bronze casting etc.
Bagan is one of the richest archeological sites in Asia. This first capital of Myanmar Empire is situated on the eastern bank of the Ayeyarwaddy Rriver, about 193 km south of Mandalay. Bagan is the source of the Myanmar history, testimonial richness and cultural heritage of Myanmar. The whole space is thickly studded with pagodas of all sizes and shapes. Bagan covers an area of 42 sqkm containing over 2000 well-preserved Pagodas and temples of the 11th – 13th century. A visit to Myanmar would not be completed without seeing this enchanting city “Bagan”. There are many ancient pagodas and temples in Bagan. Among these pagodas, the most famous pagodas, which have the special features.
Formely known as Pegu is an ancient capital of 15th century Mon Kingdom. It is situated 80 km from Yangon, just two hours’ drive across the countryside. Bago was once flourished as the greatest seaport and reached its zenith as the second Myanamr Empire established by King Bayintnaung. Ancitent pagodas in Bago will also be magnificent scenes to the toursits.
Located about 160km from Yangon, Kyaikhtiyo is the largest domestic tourism center. The small stupa, 7.3m high, sits atop at the Gold Rock, it stands on gilded boulder precariously perched on the edge of the hill over 3,615 feet above sea level. The pagoda is said to have been built during the life-time of the Buddha over 2400 years ago. There are many legends about the pagodas and Nat (Spirit Gods) shrines along the way from the base camp to the Pagoda. The season of pilgrimage is from October to May. At that time the platform of the pagoda is lighted with ninety thousand candles offered to the Buddha and thousands of worshippers gather around the pagoda offering fruits, foods incense to the Buddha. It is the third most important Buddhist pilgrimage site in Burma after the Shwedagon Pagoda and the Mahamuni Pagoda.
It is the most famous scenic spot in Shan State. Inle Lake is about 900 meters above sea level, 22km long and 10km wide and studded with floating islands. It is famous for its leg-rowers, floating villages, colorful floating market, farms and the magnificent Phaung Daw Oo Pagoda. Visitors may observe cottage industries of weaving, netting and cheroot making. Other tourist attractions around the lake include Ywama and Zakah Village and Nga Phe Chaung Monastery. Ywama village is the largest on the Inle Lake. There are some beautiful teak houses built on large wooden poles. The main attraction is the floating market in the largest canal. The Ywama floating market village bustles with boats and vegetables once a week. Beyond the Inle Lake is unspoiled countryside populated by colorful ethnic minorities. The Inle lake area is renowned for its weaving industry. The Shan-bags, used daily by many Burmese as a tote-bag, are produced in large quantities here. Silk-weaving is another very important industry, producing high-quality hand-woven silk fabrics of distinctive design called Inle longyi. A unique fabric from the lotus plant fibers is produced only at Inle Lake and is used for weaving special robes for Buddha images called kya thingahn (lotus robe).
Loikaw is the capital of Kayah state, located in southern Shan state of Myanmar and on the Pilu River, a tributary of the Thanlwin (Salween) River. Situated in hilly forested country, Loi-kaw has timber and silk-processing industries and is the site of an important hydroelectric power plant. Loi-kaw is about 70 miles south of Kalaw and at an elevation of 1200 meters. It is about 5 hours’ drive from Kalaw and just an hour’s flight from Yangon.
Kalaw, another hill station, about 1400 meters above sea level, located 70km west of Taunggyi, old station The town was popular during colonial era, the main setting of the novel “The Art of Hearing Heartbeats” by Jan-Philipp Sendker. A hill station in Myanmar (Burma) by the British civil servants, surrounded by mountains, colorful hill tribe villages, river, pine woods and bamboo groves. It was a former British colonial town and will find a number of churches such as Christ the King church and other British style buildings. Tudor-style houses sit amongst English rose gardens, making an interesting contrast to the traditional Burmese villages that surround the town. But there are also plenty of examples of Asian architecture in Kalaw. It’s well known for trekking.
Tagaung (Relics of a Pyu civilization)
Situates 200km up river north of Mandalay,Tagaung was considered by many to be the first capital of the ancient of Pyu civilization, which in turn founded the cities of Hanlin, Beikthano, Thayaykhetera (Sri Ksetra) and from that Pyu civilization continuing into the Bagan dynasty. However, the late Professor Luce, believed that the Myanmar culture began with Kyaukse, a town a few miles south of Mandalay, a belief echoed by many other historians, so that the role of Tagaung in Myanmar’s culture faded into mythology. Since 1904, excavation had been carried out in Tagaung, with no relics found to be earlier than the 11th century. Other historians and writers had believed firmly that Tagaung have a longer history than so far proven and recent diggings have shown them to be correct. Since 1900, many evidences had been discovered on the antiquity and culture of this forgotten city. Tagaung still exit as a big village and can be reached by river way from Mandalay.
An ancient site where Pyu culture flourished as early as the 2nd century A.D. it is located 17 km southeast of Shwebo. The object of antiquarian gold, silver, bronze, utensils, mirror, coins and ornaments which are usually melted down. Another interesting that prevailed at Hanlin indicates the practice of burial of corporeal remains as also burial of cremated remains in urns was in vogue. The brick-walled city complex is two miles long and a mile wide.
Pathein is the capital of the Ayeyearwaddy Division, 113 miles (190km) west from Yangon. Capital of the delta region, and gate way to Chaungthar and Ngwe Saung. It is well known as the “Granary of Myanmar”. Can go a car or by boat. Pathein is a center of trade and the rice bowl in Myanmar, the region rich in marine resources. Pathein is also famous for its colorful handmade umbrellas, known as “Pathein Hti”. It is the nearest beaches resort located in the Ayeyarwaddy Division. The main products are paddy, sesames, groundnuts and jute, maze, pulses, tobacco, etc.
Ngwe Saung beach
The newest cool spot situated on the western seaboard of the country, facing the Bay of Bengal. Sea, Sand, Sun and Scene at Ngwe Saung are the breath taking beauties. It is about 48km from Pathein. The long Ngwe Saung beach lies between the Bay of Bengal with its unforgettable views at sunset, and the Rakine Mountains Range with the evergreen tropical rain forests on its slopes. While you stroll along the beach, waves lap on the shore on the seaside, and the row of screw- pines sway under the arched coconut trees on the shore side.
Ayeyarwaddy River is flows from North to South through Myanmar, the country’s largest river and most important commercial waterway. Originating from the confluence of the N’mai (N’Mai Hka) and Mali (N’ Mali Hka) rivers in Kachin State, flows relatively straight North-South before emptying through the Ayeyarwaddy Delta into the Andaman Sea. Its drainage basin of about 404200 square kilometres (156100 sq mi) covers a large part of Burma. The river flows through or past the following cities; Myitkyina, Bhamo,Katha, Tagaung, Kyaukmyaung, Mandalay, Sagaing, Yenangyaung, Chauk, Bagan, Nyaung-U, Magway, Pyay, Hinthada, Pantanaw.
Most river cruises start from Mandalay and sail either south to Bagan or north to Katha. If the river is high, and ethnic tensions low, some ships carry on to Bhamo near the Chinese border. In both directions you will discover a deeply spiritual and traditional way of life that is only now opening up to the outside world.
Mai Hka River
The N’Mai river or N’Mai Hka is a river in northern Myanmar (Burma), its source in the Himalayn glaciers of eastern Tibet and ends at its confluence (Myit-Son) with the Mali River in Kachin State where the two rivers from the start of the Ayeyarwaddy River.
Visitors can tour the Myit Sone, the confluence of Maikha and Malikha Streams.
Mali Hka River
The Mali River also known as Mali Hka, it’s that originates in the hills of Kachin State, in the northern border of Myanmar. It flows approximately 320 km, when it meets with the N’Mai River and forms the Ayeyarwaddy River.
The panoramic view of the scenario at Myit Sone with the unspoiled beauty of nature is beyond the expression of words and will definitely be a fine attraction to tourists.
Thanlawin (Salween) River
The Salween, known in China as the Nu River and Thanlawin in southern Buram about 2815 kilometers long that flows from the Tibetan Plateau into the Andaman Sea in Southeast Asia. Its drains a narrow and mountainous watershed of 324000 square kilometers that extends into the countries of China, Burma, Thailand, spreading across three countries and four Burmese states. One of the longest free-flowing rivers in the world, extensive drainage basin supports a biodiversity comparable with the Mekong.
The Chindwin River, the largest tributary of the country’s chief Ayeyarwaddy River. It flows entirely within Burma and is known as Nin-Thi to The Meiteis (Majority ethnic group of Manipur, a northeastern state of India). Its lies within mountain ranges and forests, due to the difficulty of access, much of it remains un spoilt.
Perhaps once, you can visit to the places along the Chindwin River-Mandalay-Kalay-Kalaywa-Masein-Mawlite-Kintat-Yuwa-Kawae-Sittaung-Phaungpyin-Thayaung-Thaunghtut-Homalin-Maungkan-Khante-Homalin-Mandalay by cruise.
Duhtawadi River (Myitnge River)
Myitnge River also known as Duthawadi River, is a moor tributary of Ayeyarwaddy River in Myanmar. The name Myitnge in Burmese and Duthawadi in Pali both mean “Little River”. You can feel ‘across the river’ by boat at Hsipaw, one of the most beautiful, idyllic, peaceful, and tranquil sunsets, sipping a cocktail, and looking across the river at picturesque.